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International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine



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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 10 (2008), No. 2     15. June 2008

Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 2008, Vol 10 No 02, Poster 409

Bond Strength of a Self-Etch Adhesive Used with Various Composites

Language: English

Claudia Rettig, Dr. med. dent. Katrin Bekes, Prof. Dr. med. dent. Hans-Günter Schaller, Dr. med. dent. Christian Ralf Gernhardt,
Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg

September 26th -29th, 2007
42nd Annual Meeting of the Continental European (CED) and Israeli (ID) Divisions of the IADR


A number of new self-etch adhesives have been developed to simplify clinical bonding procedure (Fig. 1). The efficiency of these simplified bonding systems is still controversia (1). Most of the published reports used these dentin adhesives as recommended by the manufacturer and in combination with one composite material (2-4). Actually, these self-etching dentin adhesive systems are also available as dual-curing systems. However, the adhesive properties of the new, all-in-one systems used as light-curing and dual.curing system have not yet been extensively reported.

Fig. 1: Adequate filling after four years in situ (Tetric Ceram).


The aim of this study was to evaluate microtensile bond strength of a self-etching and dual-curing dentin adhesive (Futurabond DC) in comination with different light- and self-curing resins (Rebilda, Grandio, Tetric Ceram, Clearfil Core, Multicore) on perfused dentin in vitro.

Material and Methods

105 freshly extracted molars, stored in saline for a maximum of fourteen days after extraction were included. All teeth were specially prepared allowing the simulation of dentin perfusion. Dentin specimens with a total thickness of 3.5 mm were obtained under standardized conditions. The specimens were randomly assigned to seven experimental groups of fifteen samples each:
Group 1: Futurabond DC/ Rebilda (light-curing),
Group 2: Futurabond DC/ Grandio (light-curing),
Group 3: Futurabond DC/ Tetric Ceram (light-curing),
Group 4: Futurabond DC/ Rebilda (self-curing),
Group 5: Futurabond DC/ Clearfil Core (self-curing),
Group 6: Futurabond DC/ MultiCore (self-curing),
Group 7: AdHeSE/ Multicore (self-curing).

Microtensile bond strength was measured 15 minutes after application an universal testing machine (Fig. 2-9).

Fig. 2: Special designed apparatus to test tensile bond strength under permanent dentin perfusion.
Fig. 3: Experimental device after loading until fracture.
Fig. 4: Dentin adhesive system Futurabond DC used in this investigation.
Fig. 5: Dentin adhesive system AdheSE used in this investigation.
Fig. 6: Composite material Rebilda DC used in this investigation. Fig. 7: the composite material Grandio used in this investigation.
Fig. 8: The composite material MultiCore HB used in this investigation. Fig. 9: The composite material Clearfil Core used in this investigation.


For the seven test series following microtensile bond strengths were evaluated (mean value and standard deviation in Mpa). Group 1: 12.44 (± 3.32); group 2: 24.51 (± 5.16); group 3: 14.34 (± 3.69); group 4: 8.87 (± 1.01); group 5: 23.53 (± 6.27); group 6: 3.79 (± 1.12); group 7: 21.19 (± 3.73).
The results of all groups are presented in table 1 and graphically expressed in figure 10.
Futurabond DC in combination with Grandio (group 2) and Clearfil Core (group 5) showed the highest bond strengths (p< 0.05, Bonferroni-Holm). Focusing on the self-polymerizing resins, significant lower bond strengths were observed in group 4 (Rebilda) and 6 (Multicore) compared to group 5 (Clearfil Core) (p< 0.05, Bonferroni-Holm).

  Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
Curing modus light light light self self self self
Bond Strength 12.44 24.51 14.34 8.87 23.53 3.79 21.19
Standard deviation 3.32 5.16 3.69 1.01 6.27 1.12 3.73
Tab. 1: Microtensile bond strength of all groups in megapascals.
Fig. 10: Graphically expression of the results (Mean values and standard deviation in MPa).


It can be concluded that all bonding agents used in this study were able to establish bond strength on perfused dentin. Futurabond DC used with light-polymerizing resins showed well bond strengths in all groups (1, 4, 5). In combination with self-polymerizing resins different bond strengths were evaluated.


  1. Frankenberger R, Tay FR: Self-etch vs etch-and-rinse adhesives: effect of thermo-mechanical fatigue loading on marginal quality of bonded resin composite restorations. Dent Mater (2005) 21:397-412.
  2. Guéders AM, Charpentier JF, Albert AI, Geerts SO: Microleakage after thermocycling of 4 etch and rinse and 3 self-etch adhesives with and without a flowable composite lining. Oper Dent (2006) 31:450-5.
  3. Ishikawa A, Shimada Y, Foxton RM, Tagami J: Micro-tensile and micro-shear bond strengths of current self-etch adhesives to enamel and dentin. Am J Dent (2007) 20:161-6.
  4. Hurmuzlu F, Ozdemir AK, Hubbezoglu I, Coskun A, Siso SH: Bond strength of adhesives to dentin involving total and self-etch adhesives. Quintessence Int (2007) 38:E206-12.

This Poster was submitted by Dr. Christian Gernhardt.

Correspondence address:
Dr. Christian Gernhardt
Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg
Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology
Große Steinstraße 19
D-06108 Halle