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International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine



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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 22 (2020), No. 1     15. Mar. 2020
Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 22 (2020), No. 1  (15.03.2020)

Poster 2156, Language: English

Straightening Of Root Canals Following Preparation with Rotary NiTi Systems
Brandt, Karolin Verena / Herrmann, Jan / Schaller, Hans-Günter / Gernhardt, Christian Ralf
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate straightening of curved root canals after the engine-driven nickel-titanium systems Hero (Micro Mega), Revo-S (Micro Mega), Twisted Files (Kerr Endodontics), and Mtwo (VDW) were used for root canal preparation.
Methods: A total of 60 root canals in extracted human teeth with a curvature of at least 25° were prepared. In each case, 15 canals were randomly assigned and prepared with the Hero 642 System (H), the Revo-S System (R), the Twisted File System (T), and the Mtwo System (M) according to the manufacturer's instructions. The sequence for strongly curved canals, respectively wide canals was used. The degree of straightening was evaluated by superimposition of standardised digital x-ray images taken before and after root canal preparation. These images were generated from X-rays of 2 planes which were at an angle of 90° to each other.
Results: The statistical analysis showed a significant influence of the rotary systems used to straighten the root canals (p< 0.001, ANOVA). For the four-test series, the following straightenings were evaluated (mean values and standard deviations in °): H: 4.78±3.24, R: 7.67±5.04, T: 5.07±2.91 and M: 4.23±3.72. Pairwise comparison showed significantly higher straightening in specimens treated with Revo-S (R) compared to the other systems (p≤0.05, Tukey's Test). The comparison of straightening within the other groups H, T, and M showed no significant differences (p>0.05, Tukey's Test).
Conclusions: Regarding the limitations of an in vitro study, it can be concluded that all root canal preparation systems were associated with canal straightening, while Revo-S significantly showed the strongest straightening.

Keywords: root canal treatment, rotary NiTi system, straightening, endodontics, engine-driven preparation devices

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