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International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine
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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 21 (2019), No. 1     15. Mar. 2019
Tony Costello Award 2018 Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 21 (2019), No. 1  (15.03.2019)

Poster 1249, Language: English


Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviour Regarding the Infant Oral Health Visit
Are dentists in Ireland aware of the recommendation for a visit to the dentist by age 1 year?
Bowen, Alice / Djokic, Jelena / Dooa, Jeeven / Kahatab, Rawan / Kumagai, Tatiana / McKee, Katherine / Tan, Cornelius / FitzGerald, Kirsten / Duane, Brett / Sagheri, Darius
International guidelines recommend a first dental visit by the infant's first birthday. Despite these recommendations, current evidence indicates that infants are not attending the dentist at an optimal age. In order to understand the barriers and facilitators to early oral healthcare in Ireland, the current study aimed to elucidate whether dentists are aware of these recommendations and what care should be provided at this first visit. A validated 10-item questionnaire was distributed to a representative sample of non-paediatric dentists (non-PDs) and paediatric dentists (PDs) practicing in Ireland. Compared to all PD respondents, 59% of non-PDs believed that the first dental visit should occur by age 1. Furthermore, non-PDs provided the same care as PDs at the infant dental visit, with the exception of evaluating for fluoride needs and placing fluoride varnish. The main barrier to early oral healthcare was found to be parents not requesting dental appointments for their infants. Therefore, it is recommended that Irish undergraduate dental programs incorporate clinical training regarding the infant dental visit and emphasise fluoride varnish application. Additionally, a nationwide health promotion initiative is indicated to inform parents of the importance of a dental visit by age 1. Lastly, future research should focus on dentists' opinions regarding the current guidance as well as uncovering other significant barriers to infant access to timely dental care.

Keywords: Paediatric dentistry, infant dental visit, infant's oral health, fluoride, first dental visit, infant dental exam, fluoride varnish, prevention

Poster Award: Tony Costello Award 2018

Conference/Exhibition:
IDA Annual Conference
26.-28. April 2018
The Galmont Hotel, Galway, Ireland