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International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine



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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 20 (2018), ORGS     7. Aug. 2018
Poster Competition 1st prize, Pre-clinical research Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 20 (2018), ORGS  (07.08.2018)

Supplement, Poster 1220, Language: English

Influence of Uv-light and Non-thermal Plasma on Rough Titanium Surfaces in Vitro
Smeets, Ralf / Cacaci, Claudio / Heuberger, Roman / Heinrich, Oliver / Hartjen, Philip / Hanken, Henning / Precht, Clarissa / Henningsen, Anders
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the effects of UV light and non-thermal plasma (NTP) treatment on rough titanium surfaces regarding the changes in wettability, surface chemistry as well as cell attachment and proliferation of murine osteoblast-like cells in vitro.
Materials and methods: Sandblasted and acid-etched titanium disks (grade 4) were divided into a non-treated control group and two experimental groups either treated by UV light (0.05 mW/cm2 at λ = 360 nm and 2 mW/cm2 at λ = 250 nm) or by NTP of argon (24W; -0.5 mbar) for 12 minutes each. Wettability was assessed using dynamic contact angle measurement and XPS analysis was performed. Murine osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3-E1) were used for in vitro experiments. Cell attachment was assessed using fluorescin diacetate / propium iodide staining (live-dead-staining) after 2, 24 and 72 hours. Proliferation was determined using an XTT assay.
Results: UV light and NTP significantly increased wettability on the titanium surfaces (P < 0.001). XPS analysis revealed a significant reduction of carbon remnants after treatment by either method (P < 0.002). NTP was even more effective in carbon removal than UV light (P = 0.03). UV light and NTP significantly increased cell attachment compared to the non-treated disks (P < 0.001) at any time. NTP led to a significant increased cell proliferation (P = 0.002) compared to the non-treated as well as to the UV-treated disks.
Conclusion: UV light and NTP treatment can significantly improve wettability and reduce carbon remnants on rough titanium surfaces. Both methods are able to optimize surface conditions for osteoblast-like cells in vitro. However, further studies are needed to determine the extent of these effects in vivo.

Keywords: dental implants, UV-light, non-thermal plasma, titanium, cell adhesion

Poster Award: Poster Competition 1st prize, Pre-clinical research

Oral Reconstruction Global Symposium 2018 - the Future of the Art of Implant Dentistry
26.-28. April 2018
Rotterdam, Netherlands