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International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine
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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 19 (2017), OMD/PDA     15. Jan. 2018
Melhor comunicação oral em vídeo Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 19 (2017), OMD/PDA  (15.01.2018)

Supplement, Poster 1165, Language: Portuguese/English


Bone regeneration of the maxilla with blocks of xenogenic origin
Case report
Correia, Francisco / Felino, Antonio / Pozza, Daniel Humberto / Gouveia, Sonia / Almeida, Ricardo Faria
Objectives of the procedure: Bone reconstruction of the maxilla for the placement of implants.
Presentation of the case (clinical procedure step by step and scientific su-sized justifying the procedure); Female patient, 50 years old, without systemic pathologies, smoker of 10 cig/day, with average bone crest thickness of ≤3 mm. A linear incision was made between the teeth region 18 and 28, being full thickness flapped. The bilateral maxillary sinus was elevated by the lateral window technique described by Cadwell-Luc, the xenograft blocks were fixed with screws on a xenograft bed and covered with collagen membranes to promote ROG by the principles described by Melcher. Sutured with single stitches (supramide 4/0) was performed.
Immediate results, short and medium term: After 10 months CT showed a bone gain that allowed implant rehabilitation as planned.
Discussion: In the first 2-3-year period after extraction, occurs a reabsorption of the original bone volume between 40-60% [1]. The gold standard for reconstruction with onlay bone blocks is autologous bone intra- or extra-oral[2]. Harvesting requires a second surgical site, increasing surgical time, risk of morbidity and patient discomfort [3], has a tendency to resorb, especially with extra oral origin, limiting the durability of bone augmentation[4,5]. To overcome these difficulties, the xenogens blocks are a good alternative in the reconstruction of the jaws, presenting biological proprieties of remodelling and incorporation into the native bone proven histologically and radiographically[6-10]. Hammerle et al. indicate that the waiting time for the second surgical phase is 9-10 months[7].
Conclusions: The use of xenogenic blocks presented excellent results in the increase of the bone volume avoiding the morbidity associated to the autologous blocks.
The regeneration materials are provided by two companies: Osteobiol mp3® and Evolution® membranes by Tecnoss® and bio-oss block®, bio-oss® granules and bio-gide® by Inibsa®. Dental implants and components were supplied by Dentsply®.
This work was supported by Portuguese funds through the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, within IEETA/UA project PEst -OE/EEI/UI0127/2014 and CIDMA/UA project PEst-OE/MAT/UI4106/2014. S.Gouveia acknowledges the postdoctoral grant by FCT (ref. SFRH/BPD/87037/2012).

Keywords: Bone augmentation of the maxillary ridge, bone grafting, bone substitutes, bone regeneration, bovine bone mineral block, case reports

Poster Award: Melhor comunicação oral em vídeo

Conference/Exhibition:
26th Annual Meeting of the Portuguese Dental Association 2017 (OMD)
16.-18. November 2017
Altice Arena, Lisbon, Portugal