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International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine



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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 17 (2015), OMD/PDA     15. Jan. 2016
Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 17 (2015), OMD/PDA  (15.01.2016)

Supplement, Poster 960, Language: English

Advantages and Limitations of Platelet-Rich Plasma use in Oral Implantology - Narrative Review
Martins, Tiago / Manarte-Monteiro, Patrícia / Martins, Filipe / Carrilho, Margarida / Gavinha, Sandra
Introduction: Oral rehabilitation with implants in conditions with poor bone availability limits the treatment prognosis. The platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is one of the available technical possibilities for bone and soft tissue regenerations.
Objectives: This narrative review aim to describe the advantages and limitations of using PRP in bone and soft tissues regeneration, when applied in oral implantology field.
Methods: Research conducted in PubMed/Science Direct of publications from 1992 to 2015 years with the keywords: "Platelet-rich plasma", "Bone regeneration", "Dental Implants", "Periodontal Regeneration", "Growth Factor", "Regenerative implantology". To 85 articles were applied the inclusion criteria: review, clinical cases, and human or animal clinical trials publications.
Results: Forty-two publications were selected. Several studies indicate that the PRP combination with other particulate bone substitutes promote acceleration of bone regeneration, in quantity and density of the new-formed bone. The use of PRP is not restricted to osteoconduction and agglutination grafts, and also provides leverage for soft tissue healing phenomena. These factors can be obtained by simple outpatient technique. However, some literature references suggest that tissue regeneration is not significantly high as well as the high-cost of these regeneration factors.
Conclusion: The PRP promotes a faster bone and gingival regeneration; it is an autogenous product, so it does not promotes transmission of diseases and it does not show an immunological reaction.

Keywords: Platelet-rich plasma, Bone regeneration, Dental Implants, Periodontal Regeneration, Growth Factor, Regenerative Implantology

24th Annual Meeting of the Portuguese Dental Association
12.-14. November 2015
Meo Arena, Lisboa, Portugal