Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 17 (2015), OMD/PDA 15. Jan. 2016
Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 17 (2015), OMD/PDA (15.01.2016)
Supplement, Poster 942, Language: English
Remaining Coronal Structure and Trends for Cusp Coverage - Descriptive Review
Cascão, Márcia Filipa / Gavinha, Sandra / Carrilho, Margarida / Martins, Filipe / Manarte-Monteiro, Patrícia
Introduction: Weakened coronal structures can compromise tooth resistance to fracture, by occlusal loads, and may require reinforcement with restorative cusp coverage (CC).
Objectives: To conduct a descriptive review of CC clinical options and to identify dental structural conditions that may guide the requirement of CC intervention for structure functional reinforcement.
Methods: A search in Pubmed was carried with the keywords: Resin-based composite, Composite, Ceramic, Tooth fracture, Cusp coverage, Bicuspid, Weakened teeth, Cavity preparation design. Thirty articles were identified. Methodology included review, clinical and in vitro studies, published between 2005 and 2015 years.
Results: Seven publications were selected. The CC can be executed through direct (composites) and indirect (ceramic materials and/or composites) restorative techniques. Several clinical conditions guide to CCs, such endodontically treated teeth, and in this group, premolars teeth are more susceptible to fracture, by anatomic factors as shape and location; and still, variations in cavity dimensions and cavity preparation designs. However, some authors suggested that less aggressive preparations are adequate rather than extended preparations over the cusps to prevent fracture, when using adhesive indirect restorations with resin-based composites.
Conclusions: Cavity preparation design influence cusp stiffness: more deep and wide cavity designs promote cusp deflection greater loads. The remaining coronal structure, occlusal loads and the selected materials/techniques are important factors in CC restorative decisions.
Clinical implications: Cusp coverage is a safe option to functionally restore posterior teeth with weakened remaining coronal structure
Keywords: resin-based composite, ceramic, tooth fracture, cusp coverage, bicuspid, weakened teeth, cavity preparation design
24th Annual Meeting of the Portuguese Dental Association
12.-14. November 2015
Meo Arena, Lisboa, Portugal