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International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine



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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 15 (2013), Osteology     30. June 2013
Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 15 (2013), Osteology  (30.06.2013)

Supplement, Poster 654, Language: English

Vertical augmentation of atrophic posterior mandible for implant placement using an inlay technique without miniscrews or miniplates
Clinical research
Alves, Daniel / Pais, Ana Marques / Santana, Luis / Almeida, Fernando
Objectives: The aim of this clinical case is to show that is possible to do vertical ridge augmentation of the posterior mandible with just 2 mm of bone height using an inlay technique without the use of miniscrews or miniplates.
Methods: Female patient, 46 years old, healthy, non-smoker came to the dental practice for fixed rehabilitation in the right molar area. The patient was diagnosed with just 2 mm of bone height. It was decided to increase the alveolar ridge vertically using an inlay technique with a block of xenograft without screws or plates as described by Scarano, A. in 2011. After a paracrestal incision in the buccal vestibule and a subperiosteal tissue dissection limited to the buccal side, a horizontal osteotomy was performed just above the mandibular canal, and two oblique cuts were made using piezosurgery. The osteotomized segment was then raised in the coronal direction, sparing the lingual periosteum. One block of equine bone was inserted between the cranial osteotomized segment and the mandibular basal bone. The residual space was filled by particles of cortical-cancellous porcine bone. A resorbable collagen membrane was applied above the buccal surface of the surgical site and the flap was sutured.
Results: The increase of bone height, during the surgery, was 9 mm, measured with the periodontal probe in the buccal aspect. 6 months after the graft procedure, it was done a Cone Beam Computed Tomography for evaluation of available bone to place implants. It was observed an increase of height of 6 mm, measured in the buccal aspect of the mandible. With the limitation of these measures it can be said that occurred a bone resorption of 3 mm. Two submerged implants were placed in the areas of teeth 4.6 and 4.7. 3 months after implant placement it was done an implant-supported fixed rehabilitation, a metal-ceramic framework with two teeth. The scientific evidence to help us in making decisions regarding vertical bone regeneration is still insufficient. For the protocol used in this case there is still no long term evidence. So, there is a greater responsibility to the dentist and the patient who, together, make a decision.
Conclusions: This technique seems to allow the placement of implants in patients with high bone resorption in the posterior mandible. However, the bibliography tells little about this procedure. There is only a published article and belongs to the lowest level of evidence. As in most surgical interventions, the success of this approach depends largely on the surgical skill and experience of the surgeon.

Keywords: vetical augmentation, inlay technique, atrophic posterior mandible

International Osteology Symposium 2013
May 2-4, 2013
Grimaldi Forum, Monaco