Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 2012, Vol 14 No 4, Poster 625
Nutritional-Blood-Markers And Dental Status
Dr. Martha Zenginel, Sanja Vanessa Beißner, Sebastian Schmidt, Dr. Peter Rehmann, Prof. Dr. Bernd Wöstmann,
Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Department of Prosthodontics, Gießen, Germany
Prof. Dr. Dr. Gerald Kolb,
St. Bonifatius Hospital Lingen, Department of Geriatrics, Lingen, Germany
It is well documented that the selection of nutritional items is decisively influenced by the dental status. However, there is only little information whether this is also reflected in the individual nutritional status and consequently in typical nutritional-blood-markers.
Hence it was the aim of this clinical study to analyse potential correlations between the dental status and three nutritional-blood-markers in elderly patients. The following null hypothesis was tested: The dental status does not affect the blood-markers a) folate, b) albumin and c) cobalamin.
Material and Methods
In eighty patients (Department of Geriatrics, Bonifatius Hospital Lingen/Ems, Germany; minimum age 60 years) the following parameters were investigated: The blood-markers folate, albumin and cobalamin, the dental status (score 1: no treatment necessary to 4: treatment obligatory) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment® (MNA®, score 0: normal nutritional status, 1: at risk of malnutrition, 2: malnourished). Additionally a masticatory function test (comminution of a carrot slice, diameter 2cm and height 1cm, chewing time 45s, score 1: excellent comminution to 6: comminution impossible, Fig. 1) was carried out. For statistical analysis (SPSS 17.0) of normally distributed data Oneway Anova was used; otherwise a Kruskal-Wallis H-test was applied. Furthermore a Spearman regression for the dental status and the masticatory function test was calculated.
|Fig. 1a-b: Masticatory function test (comminution scores)
|Fig. 1c-d: Masticatory function test (comminution scores)
|Fig. 1e-f: Masticatory function test (comminution scores)
The mean score (Mean ± StD) for the dental status was 3.0 ± 0.8 and 0.8 ± 0.6 for the MNA® (Tab. 1). A significant correlation (Spearman, p < 0.05) between dental status and the masticatory function test (3.8 ± 1.6) (Fig. 2) as well as albumin could be observed. However, there was no correlation between dental status and the MNA®, folate (7.0 ± 3.7 ng/ml) or cobalamin (394.9 ± 270.9 pg/ml). Thus only part b of the null hypothesis could be rejected.
|Fig. 2: Dental status and masticatory function test. The line represents the Spearman regression
||masticatory function test
|Tab. 1: Dental status, masticatory function test, MNA and blood-markers (Mean ± StD)
As multimorbidity and thus multimedication is typical for elderly people our data may be influenced otherwise. Though patients with known problems in their reported history concerning multimedication were excluded from the study, probably some were not aware of their medical status and did not fully report.
Since all folate and cobalamin mean values are within the normal range and all albumin mean values (except the dental status) are also within the normal range regardless of the dental status no general correlation between dental status and blood-markers could be identified.
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This Poster was submitted by Dr. Martha Zenginel.
Dr. Martha Zenginel
Department of Prosthodontics