International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine



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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 13 (2011), No. 4     15. Dec. 2011

Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 2011, Vol 13 No 4, Poster 557

Fracture Behaviour Of Dental Resins From Eclipse Resin System

Language: English

Prof. Dr. Cristina Maria Bortun, Otilia Cornelia Gombos, Dr. Med. PhD student,
"Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania
Prof. eng. Brandusa Ghiban, Nicolae Ghiban, Assoc. Prof. eng.,
Politechnica University, Bucharest, Romania
Anghel Cernescu, PhD student eng., Nicolae Faur, Prof. eng.,
Politechnica University, Timisoara, Romania

July 14-17, 2010
IADR Barcelona, Spain
Centre Convencions Internacional Barcelona - CCIB, Spain


Complete dentures are realized from different polymers and through various technologies. These materials are fragile and frequently appear cracks and fractures in these dentures. Structural defects tolerability is in relation with tensile strength area and is important for durability of complete dentures.


Objectives: The aim of study was to evaluate fracture behavior of visible light-cured urethane dimethacrylate resins (Eclipse), used in Complete dentures technology, through structural flaw defection.

Fig. 1: Samples Fig. 2: Light curing equipment, Eclipse Processing Unit II
Fig. 3: Mechanical testing equipment Zwick Roel

Material and Methods

There were evaluated 30 samples(5mm×30mm×2mm) of Eclipse Resin System(Base Plate, Set Up, Contour Resin), light-cured in Processing Unit II. The determination of mechanical characteristics was evaluated with a Zwick Roel device, equipment with specialized software. Analysis of fracture behavior was performed with an Olympus type SZX7 stereo-microscope, which has image processing software (QuickphotoMicro2.2), through which defects dimensions were quantized.

Fig. 4: Samples fractures Fig. 5: Samples fractures
Fig. 6: Stereomicroscope Olimpus type SZX7


The average mechanical characteristics of Eclipse samples were: Young's modulus: 3023MPa; tensile strength Rm=50,3MPa; total elongation At= 2,91%. Fracture of UDMA resins takes place with a small elongation before breaking. In 90% of cases, samples breaking occurs in two pieces, while in 10% in more than 2 components. On transverse section, samples breaking have an initiation zone: 15% in center and 85% at the edge. Zone of fracture propagation can be initiated centrally (dimensions of 565x1950µm), centrally and sideways (1595x8265µm), or only sideways (1685x2465µm and 1295x10539µm). Zone of final fracture is sharp, with granular aspect. All samples have defects: Base plate contains compactness defects type voids, round or elliptical, with average values of semi-axes of 2728×3329µm and A: 9081512-5569054µm²; Set up defects appear with average length of 1950×1762µm and A: 3435900µm²; Contour Resin has circular defects, average dimensions of semi-axes between 88×640µm and A: 56320-290018µm².Reinforced fibers break in the same time with polymeric matrix and have average lengths of 1446.9µm.

Fig. 7: Transverse section, samples breaking: a. in center Fig. 8: Transverse section, samples breaking: a. in center
Fig. 9: Transverse section, samples breaking: b. centrally and sideways Fig. 10: Transverse section, samples breaking: b. centrally and sideways
Fig. 11: Transverse section, samples breaking: c. only sideways Fig. 12: Base plate compactness defects (1)
Fig. 13: Base plate compactness defects (2) Fig. 14: Base plate compactness defects (3)
Fig. 15: Base plate compactness defects (4) Fig. 16: Set Up compactness defects (1)
Fig. 17: Set Up compactness defects (2) Fig. 18: Contour Resin compactness defects (1)
Fig. 19: Contour Resin compactness defects (2) Fig. 20: Lengths of reinforced fibers (after break simultaneously with the polymeric matrix)


Fracture samples showed the brittle characteristics without massive elongation of plastic deformation before fracture. Defects from material's structure may be present due to air inclusion and absences of pressure during light- curing. They may have a negative impact on mechanical resistance of prostheses.


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This study was financial supported by Ideas grant of National University Research Council & Ministry of Education and Research of Romania, ID 1878/2008 and contract 1141/2009

This Poster was submitted by Prof. Dr. Cristina Maria Bortun.

Correspondence address:
Prof. Dr. Cristina Maria Bortun
"Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy
University School of Dentistry, Specialization Dental Technology
B-L Revolutiei 1989, No. 9
Code 300041
Timisoara, Romania