International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine



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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 5 (2003), No. 4     15. Dec. 2003

Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 2003, Vol 5 No 04, Poster 202

Examination of the individual formation of the emergence profile with subgingival ceramic bevel after two years of function

Language: English

Luis Gallardo-Lopez, Oral Clinic, Catholic University Honduras
Argiris Samiotis, Dr. Helmut G. Steveling, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Germany

September 12-14th, 2002
11th EAO Annual Scientific Congress
Brussels, Belgium


With a castable abutment of the Astra Tech Implant System, after casting of a fuseable metal alloy, a ceramic step of individual colour and form was placed in the cervical area.


Aesthetical aspects have become increasingly important especially for restorations of anterior teeth. Many patients do not like metal abutments shining through the gingiva.

Material and Methods

After three months of healing 30 patients had their implants exposed. Incision was made in the middle of the alveolar ridge, the soft tissue was minimally mobilized in vestibulo-oral direction. On the oral side, soft tissue was removed by a 4 mm punching machine. In 16 implants temporary Dentalon-lined Ion-crowns (3M) were installed on temporary abutments with a cross section according to the tooth to be replaced (case 1, fig. 1-2). In 30 implants prefabricated healing abutments were placed (case 2, fig. 7). Due to a temporary anemia, the soft tissue was supressed by the temporary crown as well as by the healing abutment. After a healing period of 2 weeks an impression was made by an individual spoon. The round emergence profile produced by the healing abutment (fig. 7) was first formed with the pattern resin put on to the impression abutment (fig. 8) and then individual trimming followed after the impression abutment had been removed (fig. 9). For the final impression the impression abutment was again screwed in the implant. A impression of the individually modelated emergence profile through the temporary crowns was made right after removal of the temporary crown. The modelling was made with a gingival mask. After casting an alloy to which porcelain may be fused ceramic steps were fused in individual colours. The fused ceramic steps (fig. 4, 11) were isogingival in 19 patients with 31 restorations, in 11 patients with 15 restorations they were supragingival. All metal-free restorations were fixed by Glasionomer cement (Fuji). After placing the restoration intraoral x-ray images (Kodak Ultraspeed D) were made. The Burn-out-effect (fig. 15, 22) showes the different x-ray behavour of the fused aluminiumoxid ceramic step and the the zirkonoxid ceramic of the metal-free restoration. After two years of function and three months of hygienic control the 30 patients were reexamined clinically and radiologically. The evaluation of the periimplant soft tissue was made by the gingival index (GI) according to Loe and Silness (1963) and the papillar bleeding index (PBI) according to Saxer and Mühlemann (1975). Intraoral x-ray images were made as described above. The evaluation of the x-ray images was made by the FRIACOM X-Ray Digitizer.


The periimplant soft tissue situation was normal. The x-ray images showed stable bone conditions (max. -0,2 mm bone loss with a mean value of -0,03 mm). All patients were very satisfied with the aesthetic and functional results of the restoration.

Clinival examples
Case 1, Modelling of the emergence profile with a temporary crown

Fig. 1: Temporary crown Fig. 2: Modelated emergence profile Fig. 3: Impression abutment
Fig. 4: Fused ceramic step Fig. 5: Restoration after fixation Fig. 6: 2 years follow up

Case 2, Extraoral modelling of emergence profile

Fig. 7: Healing abutment Fig. 8: Impression abutment with pattern resin Fig. 9: Impression abutment with pattern resin after individual trimming
Fig. 10: The fused ceramic bevel Fig. 11: Installation of the restoration Fig. 12: 2 years follow up
Fig. 13: Abutment and metal free restoration Fig. 14: Installation of the restoration Fig. 15: Control after placement
Fig. 16: 2 years follow up Fig. 17: 2 years follow up Fig. 18: 2 years follow up
Fig. 19: Model situation Fig. 20: The fused ceramic bevel Fig. 21: Placement of the restoration
Fig. 22: Radiological control after placement Fig. 23: 2 years follow up Fig. 24: 2 years radiological control

Discussion and Conclusions

A subgingival ceramic step shows no disadvantages regarding the periimplantological soft tissue situation. By adapting the emergence profile to the cross section of the tooth to be replaced, a significantly better hygiene is possible compared to a more round cross section, resulting in completely non-irritated soft tissues.

This Poster was submitted by Luis Gallardo-Lopez.

Correspondence address:
Luis Gallardo-Lopez
Mund-, Zahn- und Kieferklinik der Universität Heidelberg
Im Neuenheimer Feld 400
69120 Heidelberg