International Poster Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine
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Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 17 (2015), No. 2     15. June 2015
Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 17 (2015), No. 2  (15.06.2015)

Poster 873, Language: English


Effect of plaque accumulation and occlusal overload on peri-implant bone loss
Dellepiane, Elena / Menini, Maria / Canepa, Paolo / Nicoli, Paolo / Pera, Paolo
Aim: The present case report describes the effect of plaque accumulation and occlusal overload on peri-implant bone loss and implant failure.
Methods: A 43-year-old male patient came for consultation because of crown loss on one implant (Winsix 3,8 x 11 mm) at the level of the left first molar in the mandible. The clinical and radiographic examination revealed severe peri-implant bone loss and gingival inflammation associated with poor oral hygiene. The patient had an Angle class type II and no history of clenching. Although the implant was considered failed, it was stable so the decision was taken not to remove it. The patient was followed-up for 2 years and bone level was evaluated over time. Periapical x-rays, plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD) were recorded at baseline (T0), after 6 (T6) and 12 months (T12). After 12 months, the extractions of teeth 45, 46, 47 were performed due to destructive caries and a provisional screw-retained composite crown was realized on the implant (site 36) in order to improve mastication. During the 2-years follow-up, professional oral hygiene sessions were performed every 6 months and the patient received instructions for home dental care, but his compliance was very low. Six months after loading, the patient came at the Dental Department because of implant mobility, pain and suppuration at the implant level. The implant was removed.
Results: During the entire follow-up period, the patient presented a PI and BOP of 100% at the level of the implant site. Both at T0 and T12, mean PD and mean peri-implant bone level next to the implant were 7 mm and 6 mm respectively, and 8.6 mm and 7 mm at T18 respectively. At T24 suppuration, pain and implant mobility appeared.
Conclusion: In the present case report the dental implant remained stable as long as the implant was not loaded, although a 100% PI was present. In contrast, as soon as an occlusal load was applied peri-implant bone loss and implant failure occurred. Clinical trials based on a greater number of patients are needed to validate the present outcomes.

Keywords: plaque, overload, implant failure

Conference/Exhibition:
XXI° Congresso Nazionale Collegio dei Docenti Universitari di Discipline Odontostomatologiche
10.-12. April 2014
Rome, Italy