Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 19 (2017), OMD/PDA 15. Jan. 2018
Int Poster J Dent Oral Med 15 (2013), Osteology (30.06.2013)
Supplement, Poster 655, Language: English
Computer aided bypass of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) for implant placement
A Case Report
Zogakis, Antonios / Irodis, Barlas / Alexander, Veis
Objectives: This is a clinical case of a severely resorbed, in vertical dimension, mandible, treated with implants, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and a dental implant planning software (SimPlant).
Methods: 72 years old, male patient non smoker, with no medical relevant history, was planned to be treated with dental implants. Severely reduced alveolar height at the posterior mandible was clear from clinical examination, and panoramic radiograph. CT scan with radiographic template was taken. Data analysis was carried out using SimPlant planning software and a surgical guide stabilized on natural teeth, and implant - specific drilling instrumentation, for the first drills, were produced. Three Implants (XiVE, FRIADENT, DENTSPLY 3.4 X 9.5 mm, 3.4 X 9.5 mm and 3.0 X 11mm) were scheduled to be placed at positions 46, 34 and 36 respectively. Inadequate height at position 36 (7mm) and adequate crestal width at IAN's canal plane, resulted in planning implant insertion bypassing lingually the IAN. All implants were inserted under local anesthesia in full thickness flap approach. 3 months later, the patient came in, and prosthetic rehabilitation took place.
Results: Three implants (XiVE) were placed. All planned implants were placed successfully using the surgical template. A second after implant placement CBCT revealed close proximity with IAN without any paresthesia or other postoperative complications. The patient was restored according to the prosthodontic plan, with one screw - retained porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crown at position 46 and one cemented PFM bridge at 34 to 36 position.
Conclusions: Guided surgery, with the use of computer aided implant placement (CT scan and SimPlant software for data analysis), allowed to treat a patient with edentulous posterior mandible and reduced height of alveolar ridge, with implants and fixed prosthodontic restorations. One implant was inserted "by passing" the IAN in lingual orientation.
Keywords: inferior alveolar nerve, lingually, CBCT, SimPlant
International Osteology Symposium 2013
May 2-4, 2013
Grimaldi Forum, Monaco